Themeda arundinacea

Themeda arundinacea (Hathi Ghas) Themeda arundinacea is a tufted, reedlike, perennial grass with culms that can be up to 6 metres tall. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre and thatching material. The culms yield a fibre used for cordage. It is also used to make the …

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Themeda anathera

Themeda anathera (Loonder Grass) Loonder Grass is a densely clumped perennial grass with creeping rhizome; culms 30-120 cm high, erect or geniculately rising up. Leaf-blades are flat, up to 30 cm long and 4 mm wide. Flowering: June-October.

Sporobolus tenuissimus

Sporobolus tenuissimus Culms geniculately ascending; 18-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Inflorescence a panicle, Panicle open. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.

Sporobolus diander

Sporobolus diander Tufted perennial without rhizomes; culms 15-75 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades nearly always involute, up to 30 cm long, occasionally flat and then up to 4 mm wide. Panicle pyramidal or narrowly lanceolate, loose, up to 20 cm long, the primary branches erect or somewhat spreading, 1.5 – 5 cm long, …

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Sorghum miliaceum

Sorghum miliaceum (Johnson Grass) Sorghum millet is an annual grass whose plants reach an average height of 100 cm. Stout, up to 1 m or more high, smooth or somewhat hairy (a) for several cm below each node (b), especially where not enclosed within the leaf sheath.

Sorghum halepense

Sorghum halepense (Johnson Grass) Sorghum halepense is a tall up to 8 ft. It is adapted to a wide variety of habitats including open forests, old fields, ditches and wetlands. Flowers occur in a loose, spreading, purplish panicle. Fruits are also produced in a panicle. Seeds form in the sessile spikelets. Perennial grass with culms …

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Setaria tomentosa

Setaria tomentosa(Chiktu) The grass grown in road side. Seeds eaten by birds and rodents. An annual grass with culms, ascending, compressed towards the base, branchy from 30-45 cm high. Leaves soft, covered with much long, soft hair, sheaths half the length of the joints, mouth bearded. Flowering and fruiting time October.

Setaria verticillata

Setaria verticillata (Latkaunya) Bristly foxtail is an annual grass native to Europe, but widely naturalized world-wide. Culms are prostrate and rising up, 10–100 cm long. Leaf-blades are 5–30 cm long, 4–16 mm wide, flaccid. Leaf-blade surface is glabrous, or pilose. Flowering: July-September.

Setaria pumila

Setaria pumila (Ban Kauni) Yellow Foxtail is a clump-forming summer annual with a seedhead that resembles a fox’s tail. A weed of many agronomic crops, turf, landscapes, and nurseries. Leaf blades may reach 12 inches in length and 7-12 mm in width, and have long silky hairs at the leaf bases The bristles turn yellow …

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Saccharum spontaneum

Saccharum spontaneum (Kans) Saccharum spotaneum commonly known as Kans. Kans grasslands are an important habitat for the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). In Nepal, kans grass is harvested to thatch roofs or fence vegetable gardens. Elsewhere, its ability to quickly colonize disturbed soil has allowed it to become an invasive species that takes over croplands and …

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