Grass Species

Grass Species of Rajaji National Park

Setaria glauca

Setaria glauca (Setaria viridis) Setaria viridis is a species of grass known by many common names, including green foxtail, green bristlegrass, and wild foxtail millet. It is a hardy grass which grows in many types of urban, cultivated, and disturbed habitat, including vacant lots, sidewalks, railroads, lawns, and at the margins of fields. It is …

Setaria glauca Read More »

Vetiveria zizanoides

Vetiveria zizanoides (Khus Ghas ) Vetiver grows to 150 centimetres high and form clumps as wide. Under favorable conditions, the erect culms can reach 3m in height. The stems are tall and the leaves are long, thin, and rather rigid. The flowers are brownish-purple. Unlike most grasses, which form horizontally spreading, mat-like root systems. The …

Vetiveria zizanoides Read More »

Urochloa panicoides

Urochloa panicoides (Barajalgauti) This annual grass has decumbent or upright stems up to a meter long. It may root where its lower nodes contact the substrate. The leaves have linear or lance-shaped blades up to 25 centimeters long. The spikelets are solitary or paired.

Thysanolaena maxima

Thysanolaena maxima (Jhadoo Ghas) A beautiful plant that looks like bamboo but is actually a perennial grass. It is very tight clumping which makes it a good screener or feature plant. If planting Tiger Grass as a screen, ideal spacing is 1 to 1.5m apart, and atleast half a meter away from fence, building, etc.

Themeda quadrivalvis

Themeda quadrivalvis (Kangaroo Grass) This species is an annual grass growing up to 2 metres tall. The usually folded leaves are up to 60 centimetres long. The seed heads are rounded or fan-shaped and are accompanied by leaflike bracts. The grass becomes orange, red, or golden brown at maturity. The seed is sometimes found as …

Themeda quadrivalvis Read More »

Themeda arundinacea

Themeda arundinacea (Hathi Ghas) Themeda arundinacea is a tufted, reedlike, perennial grass with culms that can be up to 6 metres tall. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a source of fibre and thatching material. The culms yield a fibre used for cordage. It is also used to make the …

Themeda arundinacea Read More »

Themeda anathera

Themeda anathera (Loonder Grass) Loonder Grass is a densely clumped perennial grass with creeping rhizome; culms 30-120 cm high, erect or geniculately rising up. Leaf-blades are flat, up to 30 cm long and 4 mm wide. Flowering: June-October.

Sporobolus tenuissimus

Sporobolus tenuissimus Culms geniculately ascending; 18-80 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 5-20 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Inflorescence a panicle, Panicle open. Panicle branches capillary; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.

Sporobolus diander

Sporobolus diander Tufted perennial without rhizomes; culms 15-75 cm high, erect or geniculately ascending. Leaf-blades nearly always involute, up to 30 cm long, occasionally flat and then up to 4 mm wide. Panicle pyramidal or narrowly lanceolate, loose, up to 20 cm long, the primary branches erect or somewhat spreading, 1.5 – 5 cm long, …

Sporobolus diander Read More »

Sorghum miliaceum

Sorghum miliaceum (Johnson Grass) Sorghum millet is an annual grass whose plants reach an average height of 100 cm. Stout, up to 1 m or more high, smooth or somewhat hairy (a) for several cm below each node (b), especially where not enclosed within the leaf sheath.