Grass Species

Grass Species of Rajaji National Park

Sorghum halepense

Sorghum halepense (Johnson Grass) Sorghum halepense is a tall up to 8 ft. It is adapted to a wide variety of habitats including open forests, old fields, ditches and wetlands. Flowers occur in a loose, spreading, purplish panicle. Fruits are also produced in a panicle. Seeds form in the sessile spikelets. Perennial grass with culms …

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Setaria tomentosa

Setaria tomentosa(Chiktu) The grass grown in road side. Seeds eaten by birds and rodents. An annual grass with culms, ascending, compressed towards the base, branchy from 30-45 cm high. Leaves soft, covered with much long, soft hair, sheaths half the length of the joints, mouth bearded. Flowering and fruiting time October.

Setaria verticillata

Setaria verticillata (Latkaunya) Bristly foxtail is an annual grass native to Europe, but widely naturalized world-wide. Culms are prostrate and rising up, 10–100 cm long. Leaf-blades are 5–30 cm long, 4–16 mm wide, flaccid. Leaf-blade surface is glabrous, or pilose. Flowering: July-September.

Setaria pumila

Setaria pumila (Ban Kauni) Yellow Foxtail is a clump-forming summer annual with a seedhead that resembles a fox’s tail. A weed of many agronomic crops, turf, landscapes, and nurseries. Leaf blades may reach 12 inches in length and 7-12 mm in width, and have long silky hairs at the leaf bases The bristles turn yellow …

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Saccharum spontaneum

Saccharum spontaneum (Kans) Saccharum spotaneum commonly known as Kans. Kans grasslands are an important habitat for the Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis). In Nepal, kans grass is harvested to thatch roofs or fence vegetable gardens. Elsewhere, its ability to quickly colonize disturbed soil has allowed it to become an invasive species that takes over croplands and …

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Saccharum filifolium

Saccharum filifolium (Pahadi Kans) Stout perennial with woody base; culms up to 2 m high. Leaf-blades up to 50 cm long, semicylindrical, 1-3 mm in diameter, rigid, flexuous, long attenuate at the tip. lower lemma lanceolate, ciliate on the margins; upper lemma lanceolate, bifid at the tip with long narrow lobes or shortly 2-toothed, awned …

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Saccharum rufipilum

Saccharum rufipilum (Gulabi Kans) Saccharum spontaneum – Kans Grass. Kans grass is a grass native to South Asia. It is a perennial grass, growing up to three meters in height, with spreading rhizomatous roots. The grass grown in hill slopes area.

Saccharum bengalense

Saccharum bengalense (Munj) Saccharum bengalense, commonly known as Munj sweetcane, baruwa sugarcane or baruwa grass. This is a small species of sugarcane bamboo grass, growing 2–3 feet in height. The plant is colored pinkish-green. It is a food source for animals such as the Indian rhinoceros and the pygmy hog. The grass grown in grassland. …

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Rottboellia exaltata

Rottboellia exaltata (Itch Grass) Rottboellia cochinchinensis is an erect annual grass that reaches heights of 4 metres. It is a weed of warm-season crops around the world, preferring tropical and subtropical climates. It grows along roadsides and in other open, well-drained sites. It is also a very competitive weed with maize crops.

Pseudosorghum fasciculare

Pseudosorghum fasciculare Perennials; culms 90-100 cm high, loosely tufted; nodes glabrous. Leaves 15-40 x 0.8-1.2 cm, linear-lanceolate, glabrous. Panicle 5-13 cm long, congested. lower glume 4 x 1.5 mm, lanceolate; florets 2; lower floret empty, upper bisexual; first lemma oblong, second lemma 2-cleft at apex. The grass grown in sandy streams and its banks. Flowering …

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