Maniphal/mendal (Randia dumetorum)
Maniphal or Randia Dumetorum is a large deciduous thorny shrubs which grows up to 5 meters of height. Its Leaves are simple, ovate, wrinkled, shiny and pubescent in appearance. The Flowers are white, solitary and having honey like fragrance seen at the end of short branches. Fruits are globose, 1.8-4.5cm long, smooth berries with longitudinal ribs, yellow when ripe. Seeds many compressed and embedded in the dark fetid pulp. These seeds are called as ‘Madanaphala’. It is the one of the most common herb used in Ayurveda. Flowering/fruiting time end of winter.